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1 edition of First principles used in orbital prediction and an atmospheric model comparison found in the catalog.

First principles used in orbital prediction and an atmospheric model comparison

Brian E. Bowden

First principles used in orbital prediction and an atmospheric model comparison

by Brian E. Bowden

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Published by Naval Postgraduate School, Available from National Technical Information Service in Monterey, Calif, Springfield, Va .
Written in English


About the Edition

This thesis develops an orbital prediction model based on fundamental principles of orbital dynamics and drag. A FORTRAN based orbital prediction scheme was designed to provide accurate ephemerides for a particular DoD satellite program. The satellite program under study has satellites at 650 and 800 kilometers with high inclinations. In order to obtain the highest accuracy possible, a comparison of atmospheric models had to be conducted in order to determine which model was more accurate. Mathematical formulation for three widely used earth atmospheric models are presented; the JACCHIA 60, JACCHIA 7 1, and MSIS 86 atmospheric models. The MSIS 86 atmospheric model was not evaluated due to computer problems. Comparison of the two JACCHIA models proved that the JACCHIA 71 model provided much more accurate ephemerides. It is believed that this is due not only to the incorporation of variations in density caused by solar flux, but also geomagnetic activity and a better modeling of the polar regions. Further work on this project would include incorporation of the MSIS 86 model for evaluation, incorporation of the full WGS-84 geopotential model, and using more accurate observed vectors in order to obtain a better comparison. Incorporating a subroutine which will vary the B-factor as a function of latitude will greatly increase accuracy. This is a major deviation from current operational practice, in that the B-factor is often used as an error catch-all and does not truly represent its dynamical purpose.

Edition Notes

Statement Brian E. Bowden
The Physical Object
Pagination76 p. ;
Number of Pages76
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25516642M

  Comparison of Model Chemistry and Density Functional Theory Thermochemical Predictions with Experiment for Formation of Ionic Clusters of the Ammonium Cation Complexed with Water and Ammonia; Atmospheric Implications. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A , (22), DOI: /jp First-Principles Prediction of Enthalpies of Formation for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Derivatives Thomas C. Allison* and Donald R. Burgess Jr.* Chemical Science Division, Material Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Bureau Drive, Stop , Gaithersburg, Maryland , United States *.

Here, we show that first-principles density functional theory (DFT) can be used to model NEXAFS spectra of semiconducting polymers and to identify the nature of transitions inmore» Core-level X-ray absorption spectra of a set of semiconducting polymers were calculated using the excited electron and core-hole (XCH) approach based on. Gravity waves are primarily generated in the lower atmosphere, and can reach thermospheric heights in the course of their propagation. This paper reviews the recent progress in understanding the role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings. Modeling of gravity wave effects is briefly reviewed, and the recent developments in the field .

Principles of physical science, the procedures and concepts employed by those who study the inorganic world.. Physical science, like all the natural sciences, is concerned with describing and relating to one another those experiences of the surrounding world that are shared by different observers and whose description can be agreed of its principal fields, physics, deals . External ballistics or exterior ballistics is the part of ballistics that deals with the behavior of a projectile in flight. The projectile may be powered or un-powered, guided or unguided, spin or fin stabilized, flying through an atmosphere or in the vacuum of space, but most certainly flying under the influence of a gravitational field.


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First principles used in orbital prediction and an atmospheric model comparison by Brian E. Bowden Download PDF EPUB FB2

First Principles Used in Orbital Prediction and an Atmospheric Model Comparison by Brian £. Bowden Lieutenant, United States Navy B.S., The Military College of South Carolina, Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN ASTRONAUTICAL ENGINEERING from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL June Calhoun: The NPS Institutional Archive Theses and Dissertations Thesis Collection First principles used in orbital prediction and an atmospheric model comparison.

First principles used in orbital prediction and an atmospheric model comparison Bowden, Brian E. Abstract.

This thesis develops an orbital prediction model based on fundamental principles of orbital dynamics and drag. A FORTRAN based orbital prediction scheme was designed to provide accurate ephemerides for a particular DOD satellite : Brian E.

Bowden. First Principles Used in Orbital Prediction and an Atmospheric Model Comparison by Brian E. Bowden Lieutenant, United States Navy B.S., The Military College of South Carolina, Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN ASTRONAUTICAL ENGINEERING from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL JAuthor: Brian E.

Bowden. First principles used in orbital prediction and an atmospheric model comparison. By Brian E. Bowden. Download PDF (4 MB) Abstract. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimitedThis thesis develops an orbital prediction model based on fundamental principles of orbital dynamics and drag.

Author: Brian E. Bowden. Atmospheric models used for orbital drag calculations can be characterized either as empirical or physics-based (first principles based).

the linear model yields a mean time prediction. Drag is the most difficult force to model mainly because of the complexity of neutral atmosphere variations driven by the Sun, and the propagation from below of lower atmosphere waves [5, 6].

Atmospheric neutral density models routinely used in. It is thus desirable to estimate the values of the H ij from first principles calculation.

The present authors have devised a model for estimating these parameters from the binding energy values obtained from first principles calculations, and used this model to study the substitution behaviour of ternary elements in TiAl.

Satellite Orbits -Models, Methods, and Applications has been written as a compre hensive textbook that guides the reader through the theory and practice of satellite orbit prediction and determination.

Starting from the basic principles of orbital mechanics, it covers elaborate force models as weH as precise methods of satellite tracking and their mathematical treatment.4/5(3). In order to verify the prediction results, four barium aluminosilicate powders were synthesized by sol–gel method, and the water-vapour corrosion behaviour of these materials was studied at °C in an atmosphere of 50%H 2 O–50%O 2 water-vapour flowing at a rate of mm/s.

The experimental results were consistent with the predictions. • Used with SPG4 model for satellite orbit prediction • TLEs are updated by NORAD via ranging measurements for model correction 69 Checksum (Modulo 10) Revolution number at epoch [Revs] Mean Motion [Revs per day] Mean Anomaly [Degrees] Argument of Perigee [Degrees].

The earliest work using molecular orbital calculations dates over half a century to work in the s to s by Pariser and Parr, 10 by Pople, 11 and by Dewar and co-workers.

12 These early calculations implemented and further developed the concepts of electron delocalization energies and molecular orbital theory that were formulated by. Orbital elements are the parameters required to uniquely identify a specific celestial mechanics these elements are considered in two-body systems using a Kepler are many different ways to mathematically describe the same orbit, but certain schemes, each consisting of a set of six parameters, are commonly used in astronomy and orbital mechanics.

The first part of the book covers the two major methods used to describe the interactions within a system (quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics). The second part then deals with techniques that use such energy models, including energy minimization, molecular dynamics, Monte Carlo simulations and conformational analysis.

In atomic theory and quantum mechanics, an atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the wave-like behavior of either one electron or a pair of electrons in an atom. This function can be used to calculate the probability of finding any electron of an atom in any specific region around the atom's term atomic orbital may also refer to the physical.

The key is that all these processes ultimately affect the planetary energy budget. Let’s talk about timescales. Note that the IPCC figure only goes out to centuries – deep ocean circulation – but there are many even longer timescales in the climate system.

e.g. growth and decay of ice sheets, geological processes like chemical weathering, continental drift. $\begingroup$ New Principia mod for KSP enables n-body physics simulations, enabling Lagrange points, weak stability boundaries, etc. Forewarning, because Kerbin has a much smaller radius than Earth yet has 1g surface gravity (impossibly dense), it won't be realistically accurate without RSS (Real Solar System) mod, and perhaps Realism Overhaul (RO).).

@Ricardo LLI. principles that guide the scientific enterprise. They include seeking conceptual (theoretical) understanding, posing empirically testable and refutable hypotheses, designing studies that test and can rule out competing counterhypotheses, using observational methods linked to theory that enable other scientists to verify their accuracy, and recognizing the importance of both.

13 AIC use in a simple linear regression model. Left: The predictions of the model for 1,2,3 and 4 parameters, along with the real data (open circles) generated from a 4 parameter model with noise. Right: the AIC values for each number of parameters. The most parsimonious model is the 2 parameter model, as it has the lowest AIC.

LIMITATIONS OF MOLECULAR ORBITAL THEORY (MOT)~ These can be clearify by these following points lar theory explains weather a molecule will exist or not on the basis of bond order. that is by taking difference of bonding and antibonding el.

The G2, G3, CBS-QB3, and CBS-APNO model chemistry methods and the B3LYP, B3P86, mPW1PW, and PBE1PBE density functional theory (DFT) methods have been used to calculate ΔH° and ΔG° values for ionic clusters of the ammonium ion complexed with water and ammonia.

Results for the clusters NH4+(NH3)n and NH4+(H2O)n, where n = 1−4. Orbital mechanics, also called flight mechanics, is the study of the motions of artificial satellites and space vehicles moving under the influence of forces such as gravity, atmospheric drag, thrust, etc.

Orbital mechanics is a modern offshoot of celestial mechanics which is the study of the motions of natural celestial bodies such as the moon and planets.For exploratory trade studies of a three-stage solid rocket booster, the ascent guidance law is derived from first principles and embedded in an open .